User Acceptance Testing, also known as UAT (or UAT testing), in a nutshell, is a procedure of ensuring that a solution works for the user. “User” is the key term here. This is critical because they will be the ones using the software on a daily basis.
The testing phase has been broken down into several different facets and styles of testing as the software development life cycle has become more complex and stringent (or, in the case of agile, more lightweight).
Who Should Be a Part of The User Acceptance Testing Process?
The most relevant peer group to include in UAT tests is your software’s “actual” end users. Every role and stakeholder group should be represented, which means that members of each group should be chosen for the UAT team.
Role of Business Analyst In UAT
The business analyst plays an important role in the UAT because he is well-versed in the functionality and business procedures. Prior to creating the proper test cases, all of the validations must be checked. The UAT test cases include not only the product’s capabilities, but also other elements of the product such as the system environment, potential faults, and how to deal with flaws and mistakes.
The UAT test cases must be designed by the business analyst and system tester taking into account all possible scenarios. The business analyst must take references from SRS, BRD, FRD, uses cases, user stories, design decision documents, functional design documents, basically from whichever documents have been prepared throughout the SDLC while creating these test cases.
He or she can, at the very least, provide assistance on system behavior and describe situations that could be tested. They may be asked to review test scripts and aims, and in some cases, they may be asked to organise and handle the user acceptance testing process.
Because it’s essential that the company owns the tests and believes that passing business acceptance testing actually means the product is fit for purpose, the business analyst role in UAT should be limited to coordination.
Getting Started With UAT In 5 Simple Steps
1. Have a clear idea of what you mean by “done”
First and foremost, you must specify and write down the criteria that will be used to determine whether a piece of software is complete. This type of checklist is often referred to as the “Definition of Done” (DoD), a term popularized by scrum. It’s critical for the team’s success that everyone agrees on what “done” means.
2. Have a set of requirements for each feature
Each feature you want to test should have its own set of requirements. These would most likely be collected in the form of user stories in modern software stores. For these criteria, the precise objects and medium may differ. A whiteboard with post-it notes or a sophisticated project management application could be used. What matters is that you document the specifications for each of the application’s intended features.
3. Make a list of test cases
It’s time to write test cases for each feature based on the Definition of Done and the functionality requirements. Each test case focuses on a single application usage scenario. It usually consists of a series of actions that the user — or a representative of the user — can take, followed by a response.
4. Carry out the tests
The next step is to actually run the tests once the test cases are in place. The tester will perform the required actions for each of the test cases and record the results. If a defect is discovered by the user, it must be corrected as soon as possible. After that, the user repeats the test.
5. Obtain the client’s approval
Finally, the aforementioned proverbial thumbs-up is required. When everything is working properly, the user/client/customer representative signs off, indicating that the application meets their requirements and is ready to use.
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