An Introduction To OptaPlanner VRP

ERP Solutions oodles
2 min readOct 27, 2023

Introducing OptaPlanner VRP

Constraint satisfaction solvers are used in OptaPlanner, an open-source program for addressing optimization issues. Using OptaPlanner to solve Vehicle Routing (VRP) difficulties is one of its most widely used applications. A set of vehicles and a set of customers must be matched in the combinatorial optimization problem known as vehicle-customer matching (VRP) so that the total distance traveled by the vehicles is minimized while satisfying a number of constraints. OptaPlanner VRP and its different components are introduced in this blog.

Also, Read Using Two Constraint Files In a Single Service of OptaPlanner

Parts of the OptaPlanner VRP

The OptaPlanner VRP is made up of multiple parts that cooperate to solve the VRP issue. Among these components are:

1. Limitations

Constraints are guidelines that an answer ought to adhere to. The OptaPlanner VRP has a few restrictions. B. Time zone constraints (each customer has a specific amount of time to visit), distance restrictions (distance traveled), and capacity restrictions (each vehicle may only convey a particular number of products). Certain restrictions apply. (Vehicle distance should be kept to a minimum overall).

2. Heuristics

Heuristics are algorithms that aid in the rapid discovery of sound solutions. OptaPlanner VRP is skilled in scanning, insertion, and nearest-neighbor algorithms.

3. Metaheuristics

High-level algorithms known as metaheuristics manage the solution search process. With features like genetic algorithms, tab search, and simulated incubation, OptaPlanner VRP provides an amazing experience.

4. Solution

Developing a route plan that complies with every restriction imposed by the issue is one way to solve it. The solution in OptaPlanner VRP is made up of a number of routes, each of which represents a vehicle’s path to visit a certain customer group.

5. Outcome

The score indicates the caliber of the solution. Ratings are used by OptaPlanner VRP to evaluate each solution’s quality and determine which is the best.

Also, Read Performance Optimization In OptaPlanner Using moveThreadCount

Advantages of OptaPlanner VRP Utilization

OptaPlanner VRP is superior to conventional routing techniques in a number of ways. These benefits include:

1. Boost productivity

With its ability to discover the optimal route rapidly, OptaPlanner VRP can significantly reduce the overall distance driven by the vehicle and increase operating efficiency.

2. Improve Customer Satisfaction

By guaranteeing that each customer arrives on schedule, OptaPlanner VRP may raise customer satisfaction.

3. Saving money

Fuel and auto maintenance expenses are two expenses related to route planning that are decreased with OptaPlanner VRP.


One effective tool for resolving challenging routing issues is OptaPlanner VRP. To choose the best answer to a problem, it combines heuristic, metaheuristic, and artificial intelligence approaches. Companies may lower expenses, boost customer happiness, and increase productivity with OptaPlanner VRP.



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